SPARC Registers and Data Types

Tags: sparc

Registers

Registers in computer hardware are rapid, direct hardware access in computation. C register variables in general are stored in registers as well.

Why Registers

Here are some reason why we use registers in computation,

  • to hold temporary results
  • can reduce use of stack memory
  • make computation faster

Number of registers

The SPARC processor usually contains as many as 160 general purpose registers. According to the "Oracle SPARC Architecture 2015" specification an implementation may contain from 72 to 640 general-purpose 64-bit registers. On the chip itself, there are 63 physical 32-bit floating point registers, the 64-bit double value registers are layered on top of those.

Available Registers to users/programmers

32 registers into 4 sets,

  1. global
  2. in
  3. out
  4. local

Windowed r Registers

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Data Types

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References

SPARC Book

Initial Register Concept - p5 SPARC Registers - p51

SPARC V9 doc

p47

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